and Socialists--Birds of a feather?
by Al Benson
the War of Northern Aggression it has been reported by some sources that
over 180,000 Germans fought in the Yankee armies. This number was
buttressed by thousands of Austrians, Hungarians, Poles, Czechs, and Irish.
The majority of these were probably honest, hardworking people, yet the
question must be asked --with a population of around 22 million in the
North as opposed to around 9 million in the South--why did the North have
so many foreign troops in her armies?
Springer, in his excellent little book War For What puts
the number even higher. He has noted: "It seems strange that the
North, with such vast human resources, should find it necessary to resort
to recruiting men abroad. The 1860 census shows 4,100,000 foreign
born in the country, mostly located in the North, but there were 500,000
men in the Northern army of foreign birth, or 90,000 more than 10% of the
foreign population, indicating that 90,000 Northern soldiers, and probably
more, were recruited abroad."
William Burton, in his book Melting Pot Soldiers deals with
the foreign soldiers in the Yankee armies. He quotes a correspondent
for the London Daily Telegraph as stating that the foreign soldiers in
the Union armies were nothing more than mercenaries. It is interesting
that many foreigners coming into Union armies had scant use for the abolitionists
and their "holy crusade." German immigrant Valentin Bechler, according
to Burton, told his wife
wish all abolitionists were in hell."
of the most carefully concealed facts about
Lincoln's army is that he had an amazing number of European socialists
under uniform during the War. Only recently has information regarding
this started to surface. Up until a few years ago it was one of the
most studiously ignored aspects of the War. Establishment "historians"
in their messianic quest to give us the "right:" spin on the War and the
reasons for it, just knew in their hearts that we didn't need this kind
of information so they tried to make sure we were not exposed to it.
has been reported that as many as 5000 European socialists and radicals
from the failed 1848 socialist revolts in Europe served in the Union armies
in one place or another. Other sources would probably place the number
even higher. After these socialists failed in their revolutionary
aims in Europe in 1848 and 1849, they came to America. Many of them
probably felt that what they had failed to do in Europe in the 1840s might
possibly be accomplished in America during the War of Northern Aggression.
In Forty-eighters In The Union Armies it has been stated: "The failure
of their revolutionary hopes in Europe did not prevent them from taking
up arms again in 1861 to defend the very principles they had fought for
in 1848 and 1849; union, freedom, and democracy." Please go back
and reread that last quote. Let it sink in.
European socialist viewed the War of Northern Aggression as an extension
of their socialist hopes for Europe. If you consider that fact, the
entire scope and reason for the War, from the Yankee perspective, takes
on a different meaning. No longer was it a struggle to "preserve
the union" as given to us by the Founding Fathers, rather it was a struggle
to extend the influence of European socialism in America! Author
William Burton has revealed that socialist Yankee general August Willich
"...was not reluctant to lecture his soldiers on the virtues of socialism."
If we have a record of this one instance of such being done, one wonders
how much of this kind of thing went on in the Yankee army camps that has
amazing thing about these European socialist and Communists is how many
of them ended up being high-ranking Yankee officers. I will here
list several so you get the idea.
Albert -- Lt. Col. 3rd Missouri, later chief of staff under John C. Fremont.
(Alexander) Asboth -- Brigadier General on Fremont's staff.
Becker - called "Red" Becker [on account of his political leanings?].
He was a chaplain with the 8th New York. A Communist chaplain? (Par
for the course in some Yankee regiments).
(Louis) Blender -- Brigadier General of volunteers
Busch -- Captain on Fremont's staff.
Dengler -- Lt. Colonel of the German 43rd Illinois regiment.
Essig -- Captain and battery commander under the socialist General Franz
Fiala --Lt Colonel and topographical engineer on Fremont's staff.
Fremont seems to have drawn these socialists like flies. (Bird of a feather?).
Gerwig -- Freethinker (basically atheistic) and chaplain of 3rd Ohio
Hoffman -- Captain of independent Missouri battery under the socialist
Kaufmann -- Enlisted as a private. later went west to join Fremont.
Albert Neustaedter -- Captain of artillery in Missouri under Lyon and Fremont.
Roskoten -- Appointed by Lincoln to serve on board examining army surgeons.
Brigade surgeon at Shiloh.
Stengel -- Chaplain 9th Ohio infantry (Another socialist chaplain?)
of names of other socialist Yankees could be listed here, the majority
of them officers, but I think you begin to get the idea. The ethnic
and ideological makeup of Mr. Lincoln's army has yet to be fully exposed.
we are to begin to try to understand the War from
Northern perspective, we must, at all costs, take the strong socialist
influence exerted on Mr. Lincoln's army into consideration.
fact that many European socialists looked upon
Lincoln's War of Aggression as an extension of their own aspirations and
political desires should begin to speak volumes about the true nature of
the Union cause. Mr Lincoln was known to be friendly to the cause
of socialism. Establishment historian James McPherson has admitted
that Lincoln championed the cause of the Forty-eighters in Europe.
In 1848 he was all in favor of secession (for the socialists in Europe)
but in 1860 he was opposed to it for Christian Southerners. That
fact, alone, should tell you where Mr. Lincoln is really coming from and
should explain why the socialist flocked to own his "holy cause."