IMPRISONED UNDER FIRE
*SOUTHERN HISTORICAL SOCIETY PAPERS
Volume XXV, Richmond,Va. Jan -Dec 1897
Page 365 - 378
|[From the Richmond, Va., Times,
August 22, 1897.]
IMPRISONED UNDER FIRE.
Six Hundred Gallant Confederate Officers on Morris
They were held in Retaliation, and Two of them Relate the Experiences of Prison Life - Stories of Captain F. C. Barnes and Captain R. E. Frayser.
A list of the officers under fire, as above, including those as well from Maryland, North Carolina, Texas, Mississippi, South Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Missouri, Kentucky, and Tennessee, has been given in Vol. XVII, Southern Historical Society Papers, pp. 34-46, but as the list from Virginia herewith is more complete and definitely descriptive, it is meet that it should be printed now.
Further and graphic experience of the "hardships, sufferings and hazards" of the "Six Hundred," is given in the "narrative" of Colonel Abram Fulkerson, of the 63d Tennessee infantry, Southern Historical Society Papers, Vol. XXII, pp. 127-146. - EDITOR.
During the seige of Charleston the powerful Federal guns located on Morris Island could send their shells into the lower part of the city, where their explosion caused great destruction of houses, and danger to the inhabitants of that part of the town. As a means of protecting the residents, Major-General Sam Jones, commanding the Confederate forces in Charleston, notified Major-General J. G. Foster, of the United States army, that he had placed five generals and forty-five field officers of the United States army, "in a part of the city occupied by non- combatants, the majority of whom are women and children. It is proper that I should inform you that it is a part of the city which has been for many months exposed day and night to the fire of your guns."
This letter was sent on the 13th of June, 1864. Forthwith General Foster sent a copy of the letter to General Halleck, at Washington, and thereupon he ordered 600 Confederate officers to be taken from Fort Delaware and placed on Morris Island under the fire of the Confederate guns, in retaliation for the act of General Jones.
Of these 600 officers, a list of the Virginians is given herewith, among whom will be found the name of Second Lieutenant C. F. Crisp, 10th Infantry, Luray, Page county. This second lieutenant was the late Speaker of the House of Representatives. Among others of the 600 not named with the Virginians, but well-known in Richmond, were Captain Thomas Pinckeny, 4th cavalry, Charleston, S. C., and Colonel A. Fulerson, 63rd Tennessee Infantry, Rogersville.
The only Richmond man in the lot was Second Lieutenant S. H. Haws, Page's Virginia Battery. The story of the transportation and life of the 600 is told by Captain F. C. Barnes, then second lieutenant 56th Virginia Infantry, and Captain R. E. Frayser, signal officer, New Kent county. During a recent visit to Richmond, Captain Barnes, who is now an honored citizen of Chase City, was induced to give the following account of his experiences:
CAPTAIN BARNES' STORY.
Captain Barnes said:
I was captured in Pickett's charge at Gettysburg, Pa., on July 3, 1863. There my prison life commenced. After confinement in several prisons, I was taken to Johnson Island, Lake Erie, which was a prison exclusively for commissioned officers.
On the 9th of February, 1864, the names of 600 officers from lieutenant to colonel were called, and when we responded were placed in line and marched to the wharf, and there carried over to Sandusky in Ohio. None were aware of their destination, but supposed we were selected for exchange.
We remained all night in Sandusky, where it was very cold, but we were comfortable and enjoyed some privileges, not being strictly guarded. We left the next day on a train, and when we landed it was in Philadelphia.
There we were imprisoned in the State Armory, where we were comfortable. We stayed there some weeks, and then were under strict guard by negro soldiers.
We left there in the 16th of June on a steamer for Washington city. On the way a plan was devised to seize the guard, capture the boat and run ashore. All were united, but the plot was foiled by the boat running up under a fort on the river. The commanding officer must have had some intimation or suspicion of our purpose, for from the fort, a gunboat went up the river with our steamer.
Arriving in Washington we were taken to the Old Capitol, where we remained several weeks, with light rations, and then were carried to Fort Delaware. From this place we were taken on the 20th of August, 1864, and carried to a large ocean steamer, Crescent City, then lying in the bay below the breakwater.
We sailed the next day for parts unknown, but still believing we were going to be exchanged. During the voyage we ran aground on Cape Romain, off the coast of South Carolina, where a large lot of coal had to be thrown off to lighten the ship, before sailing again. While stranded, a large gunboat came in sight and created great commotion among the officers and guard of the boat. They were apprehensive that an attempt would be made for our release, but there was no demonstration of that kind.
After sailing again, nearly all of us were placed in the hull of the boat and guarded more rigidly. We were kept out of sight of land for two weeks or more, and finally landed at Morris Island, S. C. This was on the 7th of September, and the first intimation we had of our destination.
Several officers knew the place, and all were soon informed. Our treatment on board the steamer was very rough, with scanty rations and brackish water. An officer died on the way and was given a burial at sea.
After landing at Morris Island we were placed under fire of our own guns in front of a Federal battery, which was shelled from Fort Sumter. The first evening and night the shelling was very heavy but none of us were killed. It seemed our guns got the range and fired over us. One morning while Captain Findley, of Virginia (now a preacher in Augusta county), J. E. Cobb, H. Coffry and myself were in our small tent just after Captain Findley had read a chapter in a Bible, which I now have and in which I placed all the notes of all my travels, a large shell fell right at our feet and covered us all with sand, but fortunately did not explode nor break up our accustomed worship.
We were guarded by negro troops commanded by Colonel Hallowell, who was a heartless man, and under him the most cruel treatment was experienced. We were not allowed any privileges, and often fired into by the guards for the most trivial offence and several men were wounded.
There was a plan on foot to tunnel out and make our escape, but the equinoctial storm flooded our work and it caved in. Another attempt was made by digging out, but our scheme was reported to the authorities by a traitor of our number and we abandoned the idea.
We left Morris Island on the 21st of October, and on the 22d landed at Fort Pulaski, Georgia. This was a nice prison, commanded by Colonel Brown, of New York, a kindhearted officer who allowed us the grounds in the fort for exercise, and good rations were furnished.
In the bringing in to prisoners of a barrel of hard tack, a barrel of brown sugar was brought by mistake, and before the error could be remedied, the sugar was devoured by the officers who had not tasted anything sweet for a long time.
On November 19th, about one-half of the 600 were taken
to Hilton Head, S. C., arriving there the next day. Here retaliation was
Lamps were burning all the time and the rats were cooked over them. After the rats were all consumed, dogs and cats which came in the way were caught and speedily devoured. One old bob-tail gray cat long escaped, but was finally caught and a feast made over it.
Lieutenant S. H. Hawes, of Richmond, narrowly missed
a feast on a fat dog, which came about thus:
"Ponto" was a beautiful half-grown, well-fed, fat setter puppy, belonging to the Federal officer in charge of our guard. This young dog came to our quarters every day to have a frolic with the prisoners. Hawes agreed to accept invitation and to eat some of the dog supper when prepared, for the puppy was young, cleanly-washed, fat and healthy.
Perkins thereupon agreed to catch and kill "Ponto" and prepare the feast. The next morning the dog came bounding into the prison yard as soon as the gate was opened, as was his habit, but most positively declined all of Perkins' advances, notwithstanding his friendship heretofore. As soon as he looked into Perkins' eyes doubt took possession of him.
"Ponto" sniffed danger in the air, tucked tail and ran for the gate, and foreswore his prison friends ever after. His unreasoning suspicions prevented the feast.
Captain R. E. Frayser, also of Richmond, was the most active man in the grape-vine telegraph business. What news he couldn't bring in wasn't worth knowing. His having been in the Signal Corps possibly accounted for his success in that line.
Grape-vine news was terribly twisted and rarely straight.
Nevertheless it gave us something to talk about.
When forty-five days expired flour, meat and bread were brought in and wood needed for cooking, utensils furnished and the men were allowed all they wanted to eat.
After such a long deprivation, many killed themselves from overeating. The meal was old and wormy, but it had to be eaten. Those who had survived the trying ordeal through which we passed, were taken from Hilton Head on the 5th of March, 1865, and carried to Fort Monroe on the 8th of March, after a very rough trip at sea.
From there we were taken to Fort Wool, and on the 11th of March, sailed for Fort Delaware, where we landed on the 12th, next day.
Of the 600 whose names were called at Johnston's Island on the 9th of February, 1864, only 293 of the number answered the call at Fort Delaware on their return after months of perils, trials, sufferings and tribulations.
Fort Delaware, taken altogether, was the dirtiest, filthiest and most unhealthy prison I ever saw, and I was there three times during my captivity. The remnant of the 600 remained at Fort Delaware until the general exchange in June, 1865.
F. C. BARNES.
Captain R. E. Frayser's Experience.
Captain Frayser was very reluctant in agreeing to write out some of his reminiscences of the imprisonment of the 600 at Morris Island. While a great portion of his time has been devoted to journalism since the war, he has written very little about the conflict between the States, nor does he talk much about it. The whole of his time is now given to the practice of law, and he is going well in this profession. The narrative written by Captain Frayser follows:
"In August, 1864, orders were issued by the Federal
Government that 600 Confederate officers confined at Fort Delaware should
be sent to Morris Island, near Charleston, S. C., and placed under fire.
There had been sent previously fifty general and field officers to the
same point for the same purpose. But after some little delay these officers
were exchanged. The 600 were somewhat elated at first, thinking they too
would every soon be in 'Dixie,' after leaving Fort Delaware. But in this
they were greatly disappointed. On the arrival of the Crescent City, the
steamer that conveyed them to Charleston harbor, these officers were disembarked
and marched along the beach to a most formidable stockade, located between
batteries Gregg and Wagner, all in full view
"The first night in the pen was not at all pleasant, firing commenced early that night, and fragments of Confederate shell thrown from Fort Moultrie fell in the pen.
"The Confederates at the time were not aware of the
presence of the Confederate prisoners, but they soon learned that the Confederate
prisoners were exposed to the fire of Fort Moultrie, and there was a change
in the guns at that fort. The dead line was a conspicuous feature in the
appointments of this abode, where the six hundred lingered for forty-five
days, suffering all the pangs of hunger that one can imagine; two ounces
of salt pork or beef, with damaged ship bread, in a very limited quantity,
and that inhabited with worms, ranging from a quarter to half an inch long,
with black heads. When this was not given to the prisoners, they had doled
out to them, stale grit with abundance of fat worms. These dainties given
to the Confederates twice a day, made many sick, who were sent to the hospital,
where they died. The death rate was alarming, with cruel treatment, the
climate, and miserable water, the weak had to succumb to the inevitable.
Forty-five days on such food was harsh treatment indeed. The reader may
ask, what was all this for? Well, for "fighting against the best government
the world ever saw."
A COUNTER MOVE.
"The Confederates were told at the time, this was a counter move on the military chess-board, by the Federal Government, for alleged ill -treatment of Andersonville prisoners, said to be confined in the lower portion of Charleston, to prevent that part of it from being destroyed by the heavy seige guns in Gregg and Wagner, that were firing on Charleston night and day, having a powerful auxiliary in the Swamp Angel, the nearest gun to Charleston.
At the expiration of forty-five days, the prisoners placed under fire, were removed and put on board a steamer and sent to Fort Pulaski. Here the retaliation was continued, causing many deaths. The fort being some- what crowded, a portion of the prisoners were sent to Hilton Head. Here as elsewhere, there was great suffering. Being immediately on the coast, the atmosphere was very damp and cold; rats and cats were killed in great numbers, and consumed by the starving Confederates. In war, a real soldier gives hard blows and expects the same in return; but it looks a little inhospitable to see one's adversary, with his knapsack full, and with no inclination to divide rations.
"A soldier can eat almost anything when he gets in a real tight place. The historian says that in the memorable retreat from Moscow, the King of Naples, when driven by hunger, enjoyed cat and horse flesh, so it was with the suffering Confederates sent to Morris Island. They did not hesitate to devour everything that came within their reach - cats, dogs, rats, etc. I cannot at this late day reach all the incidents connected with this distressing and protracted imprisonment, but I will mention one. The writer had on his person a finger ring and a $50 Confederate note. The two were sold for $10 and put in sutler stores, which were purchased at most exhorbitant prices. Sergeant Lennox, who belonged to the 54th Massachusetts regiment, which guarded the Confederates, and whose home was in Boston, was very kind to the writer. With his money Lennox bought bread, molasses and many other things. This he had to do in a most surreptitious manner, for it was a violation of orders, and had it been known, Lennox would have been severely punished. The 54th regiment was composed wholly of colored men, with the exception of the officers. The writer thinks that it was commanded by Colonel Hallowell, of Philadelphia.
"Immediately after the war the writer knew a number
who had gone through this trying ordeal, as follows: Captain Jones R. Christian
Following are the Virginia members of the "Six Hundred:"
Charles B. Christian, Forty-ninth Infantry, Allen's creek, Amherst county.
James C. Council, Twenty-sixth Infantry, St. Steven's Church.
Richard Woodrum, Twenty-sixth Battalion, Union, Monroe co.
Peter V. Batte, Forty-fourth Battalion, Petersburg.
William H. Hood, Petersburg Militia, Berlin, Southampton co.
D. A. Jones, General M. Jones' staff, Harrisonburg.
Thomas P. Branch, General Ransom's staff, Petersburg.
J. McD. Carrington, Charlottesville Battery, Charlottesville.
E. E. DePriest, Twenty-third Infantry, Richmond.
W. P. Carter, Page's Battery, Millwood, Clarke county.
George W. Mercer, Twenty-ninth Battery, Rural Retreat.
J. H. Johnson, Twenty-fifth Virginia, Franklin, Pendleton co.
J. J. Dunkle, Twenty-fifth Infantry, Franklin, Pendleton co.
H. C. Dickinson, Second Cavalry, Liberty, Bedford county.
J. W. Mathews, Twenty-fifth Infantry, Beverly, Randolph co.
H. A. Allen, Ninth Infantry, Portsmouth.
R. E. Frayser, Signal Officer, New Kent Courthouse.
J. R. Christian, Third Virginia, New Kent Courthouse.
L. Harmon, Twelfth Cavalry, Staunton.
A. Dobyns, Forty-second Infantry, Jacksonville, Floyd county.
J. W. Helm, Forty-second Infantry, Jacksonville, Floyd county.
A. R. Humes, Twenty-first Cavalry, Abidgdon.
W. P. Duff, Fifteenth Infantry, Jonesville, Lee county.
D. C. Grayson, Tenth Infantry, Luray, Page county.
A. N. Finks, Tenth Infantry, Madison Courthouse.
F. W. Kelly, Fiftieth Infantry, Tazewell county.
T. M. Gobble, Forty-eighth Infantry, Abingdon.
W. S. McConnell, Forty-eighth Infantry, Estillville.
W. L. Guthrie, Twenty-third Infantry, Prince Edward county.
James Dunlap, Twenty-sixth Battery, Union, Monroe county.
A. M. Edgar, Twenty-seventh Infantry, Lewisburg.
J. A. Lipps, Fiftieth Infantry, Wise Courthouse.
J. O. B. Crocker, Ninth Infantry, Norfolk.
T. B. Horton, Eleventh Infantry.
R. C. Gillispie, Forty-fifth Infantry, Fort Worth, Texas.
R. H. Miller, Forth-fourth Infantry, Buckingham county.
J. M. Hillsman, Forty-fourth
Infantry, Amelia county.
J. M. Hughes, Forty-fourth Infantry, Scottsville, Albemarle co.
Isaac Kuykendall, Seventh Cavalry, Romney.
J. M. Lovett, Twenty-second Cavalry, Hampshire county.
W. T. Mitchell, Sixth Cavalry, Pittsylvania county.
T. A. Moon, Sixth Cavalry, Halifax county.
A. M. King, Fiftieth Infantry, Saltville, Lee county.
B. G. Brown, Seventh Infantry, Brown's Cove, Albemarle co.
Charles D. McCoy, Twenty-fifth Infantry, Charlottesville.
Wiliam C. Nunn, Fifth Cavalry, Little Plymouth.
Peyton Alfriend, Thirty-ninth Militia, Petersburg.
Bruce Gibson, Sixth Cavalry, Upperville, Fauquier county.
George W. Nelson, General Pendleton's staff, Beaver Dam, Hanover county.
C. J. Lewis, Eighth Cavalry, Charleston, Kanawha county.
D. M. Leyton, Twenty-fifth Infantry, Mount Meridian.
B. B. Howelett, Fifth Cavalry, Cobb's creek.
O. H. P. Lewis, Thirty-first Infantry, Beverly, Randolph county.
W. W. Boggs, Twentieth Cavalry, Wheeling.
J. Arrington, Forty-second Infantry, Campbell Courthouse.
D. W. Garrett, Forty-second Infantry, Morgantown, Ga.
H. T. Coalter, Fifty-third Infantry, King William Courthouse.
Thomas O. Moss, Twenty-third Infantry, Louisa Courthouse.
H. Fry, Thirty-seventh Infantry, Wheeling.
W. E. Hart, Page's Battery, King William Courthouse.
B. C. Maxwell, Cutshaw's Battery, Westham Locks.
J. Ogden Murray, Seventh Cavalry, Richmond.
W. Asberry, Sixteenth Infantry, Target Hill, Wayne county.
B. D. Merchant, Fourth Cavalry, Manassas Junction.
James H. Childs, Warrenton.
S. T. Carson, Fifth Infantry, Steel's Tavern, Augusta county.
Jesse Child, Forty-second Infantry, Richmond.
George H. Killian, Fifth Infantry, Waynesborough.
J. W. Gilkerson, Twenty-fifth Infantry, Mint Springs, Augusta county.
M. E. Bowers, Twenty-fifth Infantry, Franklin, Pendleton county.
W. L. Hunter, Forty-third Battalion (Cavalry), Waynesborough.
W. L. Bernard, Thirty-seventh Battalion (Cavalry), Rock Mount, Franklin county.
T. S. Mitchell, Forty-second Infantry, Martinsville, Henry county.
P. W. Dalton, Forty-second Infantry, Martinsville, Henry county.
H. L. Hoover, Twenty-fifth Infantry, Staunton.
T. J. Kirk, Fourth Infantry, Christiansburg.
T. C. Chandler, Forty-seventh Infantry, Bowling Green.
A. R. Angell, Forty-second Infantry, Rocky Mount, Franklin county.
G. W. Finley, Fifty-sixth Infantry, Clarksville.
W. McGaulley, Ninth Cavalry, Warsaw.
J. C. Allen, Seventh Cavalry, Edinburg, Shenandoah county.
L. B. Doyle, Fifth Infantry, Lexington.
J. W. A. Ford, Twentieth Cavalry, Lewisburg.
A. W. Edwards, Fifteenth Cavalry, Princess Anne county.
W. H. Morgan, Eleventh Infantry, Campbell county.
J. D. Greener, Fiftieth Infantry,
Isaac Coles, Sixth Cavalry, Peytonsburg.
S. M. Dent, Fifth Cavalry, Alexandria.
Erasmus L. Bell, Tenth Infantry, Luray.
C. D. Hall, Forty-eighth Infantry, Lee, Page county.
Henry C. Howlett, Fifth Cavalry, Petersburg.
Earl C. Andis, Fourth Infantry, Elk Creek.
Jefferson W. A. Funk, Fifth Infantry, Winchester.
John F. Lytten, Fifth Infantry, Long Glade.
James W. Gellock, Twenty-seventh Infantry, Lexington.
James W. McDowell, Twenty-sixth Battalion, Lewisburg.
A. G. Hudgins, Confederate States Navy, Richmond.
C. B. Eastham, Tenth Infantry, Harrisonburg.
J. H. Hawkins, Tenth Infantry, McGaheysville.
T. P. Doyle, Thirty-third Infantry, Staunton.
Drury Lacy, Twenty-third Infantry, Prince Edward Courthouse.
S. J. Hutton, Thirty-seventh Infantry, Glade Spring Depot.
M. H. Duff, Thirty-seventh Infantry, Lodi, Washington county.
E. A. Rosenbalm, Thirty-seventh Infantry, Lodi, Washington county.
S. A. Johnson, Twenty-third Infantry, Louisa, Washington co.
J. W. Groom, Twenty-third Infantry, Louisa, Washington co.
Alex. B. Cooke, Twenty-third Infantry, Louisa, Washington co.
R. C. Bryan, Forty-eighth Infantry, Abingdon.
J. T. Fulcher, Thirty-seventh Infantry, Abingdon.
J. S. King, Thirty-seventh Infantry,
F. King, Page's Virginia Battery, King William county.
R. Massie, Cutshaw's Virginia Battery, Covesville.
George F. Keiser, Fifth Infantry, Greensville.
John T. Gannaway, Fiftieth Infantry, Chatham Hill.
R. W. Legg, Fiftieth Infantry, Turkey Cove.
R. S. Bowie, Thirty-seventh Infantry, Abingdon.
F. Foussie, Twenty-fifth Infantry, Weston.
W. L. Enos, Twenty-sixth Infantry, Wood's Cross Roads, Gloucester county.
A. B. Cauthorn, Twenty-sixth Infantry, Kig and Queen Courthouse.
John M. Lambert, Fifty-second Infantry, Greenville.
W. P. R. Leigh, Fifth Cavalry, Gloucester Courthouse.
W. N. Hendrix, Twenty-fifth Infantry, Fairmount.
John G. Brown, Forty-ninth Infantry, Front Royal.
W. H. Hatcher, Forty-second Infantry, Liberty.
W. B. Carder, Fourth Infantry, Marion, Smyth county.
T. J. King, Forty-second Cavalry Battalion, Martinsville, Henry county.
T. M. Gravely, Fort-second Infantry, Martinsville, Henry co.
J. P. Kelly, Fourth Infantry, Newburn, Henry county.
P. Hogan, Fourth Infantry, Lexington.
J. W. Mauck, Tenth Infantry, Harrisonburg.
S. D. Bland, Eighteenth Cavalry, Franklin, Pendleton county.
C. Frates, Third Infantry, Petersburg.
S. W. Garey, Third Infantry, Norfolk.
F. C. Barnes, Fifty-sixth Infantry,
Marysville, Charlotte county.
H. G. Brinkley, Forty-first Infantry, Norfolk.
C. F. Crisp, Tenth Infantry, Luray, Page county.
S. H. Finks, Tenth Infantry, Madison Courthouse.
J. Long, Tenth Infantry, Bridgewater, Rockingham county.
John A. Donaghe, Tenth Infantry, Panassus.
J. J. Hervitzie, Thirty-seventh Infantry, Lebanon.
J. A. Burnett, Fiftieth Infantry, Blountville, Sullivan county, Tennessee.
W. S. Gilmer, Thirty-seventh Infantry, Lebanon.
J. W. Harris, Fifty-eighth Infantry, Bedford county.
J. S. Hix, Forty-fourth Infantry, Goochland.
Thomas R. Applebury, Forty-fourth Infantry, Fluvanna county.
John W. Hughes, Forty-fourth Infantry, Cobham Depot.
William A. Dawson, Twenty-seventh Infantry, Callands.
D. B. Cannoy, Fourth Infantry, Elk creek.
W. W. George, Twenty-sixth Battalion, Princeton, Mercer co.
W. G. Herrington, Twenty-fifth Battalion, Shelby, Cleveland county, N. C.
R. C. Campbell, Fifty-third Infantry, King William county.
J. Walker Frasier, First Cavalry, Loudoun county.
C. P. Johnson, McNeil's Battalion, P. R. Hampshire county.
P. B. Akers, Eleventh Infantry, Lynchburg.
L. Green, Fifth Cavalry, Petersburg.
H. C. Jones, Fiftieth Infantry, Gladesville.
J. S. Hempstead, Twenty-fifth Infantry, Dubuque, Ia.
W. D. Dodson, Fifth Cavalry, Danville.
Robert B. Hart, Fifth Cavalry, Stevensville.
John W. Davis, Twentieth Cavalry, Clarksburg.
Hopkins Harden, Nineteenth Infantry, Scottsville.
Francis R. Haynes, Twenty-fourth Cavalry, Cobb's Creek.
Thornton J. Berry, Twenty-fifth Infantry, Salt Lick.
Norman D. Embry, Twenty-fifth Cavalry, Pineville.
Alex. R. Humphries, Twenty-sixth Battalion, Lewisburg.
C. D. Fitzhugh, First Cavalry,
Seven Virginia Officers Whose Names Were Omitted from the List.
Editor of The Times:
SIR, - The list of the Virginia officers given in the article on the gallant 600 in the Times of last Sunday will be highly appreciated by all survivors as well as by the many friends. It has been read, re-read, reflected and meditated upon until the dark mirror of memory is before me, the lights of fancy are rising, faint and undefined images are appearing from every quarter. The lights increase, the figures grow plainer and plainer. I know them; they are the forms of former prison friends and associates - shabbily dressed, torn, tattered and threadbare - they don't look like gentleman. This is a matter of the slightest moment - they were my comrades in the sowful past and I love them. Yet I like not having to recall them in the bygone events through which they moved; hence the value of the printed roster. Here are seven Virginia officers whose names have been omitted in the list. They all embarked with the 600 on the Crescent City; they all returned to Virginia before the close of the war, and doubtless they are all now dead.
Colonel Woolfolk, Orange county, Va., ranking officer of the Virginians.
Major Evan Rice, Tappahannock, Va.
Captain Chalkley, Chesterfield county, Va.
Captain Fitzgerald, Norfolk, Va.
Captain Haskins, Northern Valley of Virginia.
First Lieutenant Charles R. Darracott, Sturdevant's Battery, Richmond, Va.
Midshipman Leftwich, Lynchburg, Va.
Glen Allen, Va., August 27, 1897.
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