The Blockade Runners

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"Blockade Runner" A phrase that lights up the imagination, with visions of tiny merchant vessels creeping past heavily armed gunboats on moonless nights.

While that no doubt happened on many occasions, the phrase has now become synonimous with all the vessels that left England, carrying war materials and other necessary goods to the South.

Many English merchants grew extremely rich during this war, without taking any risks at all. It must be remembered that both Nassau and Bermuda were, at this time, English ports. Shipping goods from Liverpool to Nassau was no different, from a legal standpoint, than shipping them to London.
The merchants of Liverpool realised this, and amassed small fortunes, shipping arms to both Bermuda nad Nassau, and returning with much needed cotton for the mills of Lancashire.

The true blockade runners are the brave men, who, time and again, made the journey through the blockading Northern fleet. Men of the calibre of, Captain John Newlands Maffitt CSN, and Captain John Wilkinson CSN.


A great number of the vessels that actually "ran the blockade" were produced here in England. It is my intention to list some of these vessels, with links to the relevant sites.
If possible, I will also try to catalogue the inordinate amount of goods shipped to the South, under the direction of Commander James Dunwoody Bulloch. using the Official Navy Records (ONR).

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British Built Blockade Runners.

Liverpool/Birkenhead built Blockade Runners.
N.B. The reference "For Fraser Trenholm" invariably refers to either Commander Bulloch, or Charles K Prioleau.

Abigail - W. C. Miller & Sons; for Fraser, Trenholm; 1865

Adelaide - built for Fraser, Trenholm

Albatross - Laird & Sons for Fraser, Trenholm; unfinished

Alexandra (Mary) - W. C. Miller & Sons for Henry Lafone for Fraser, Trenholm; 1862 (Seized by British Government)

Badger I - Jones, Quiggin & Co. for Fraser, Trenholm; 1864

Badger II -

Banshee I - Jones, Quiggin & Co. for Anglo-Confederate Trading Company; 1863

Bat - Jones, Quiggin & Co. for Fraser, Trenholm; 1864

Bijou (Mary Celestia) - W. C. Miller & Co. for Crenshaw & Co.; 1864

Chatham - Laird & Sons; shipped in pieces and assembled in Georgia; 1838.

Colonel Lamb - Jones, Quiggan & Co.; for Fraser, Trenholm; 1864

Curlew - Jones, Quiggin & Co. for J. K. Gilliat & Co.; unfinished

Deer - W. H. Potter & Co.; for Fraser, Trenholm; 1864

Denbigh - Laird & Sons; for European Trading Co.; 1860

Dream - W. H. Potter & Co.; Fraser, Trenholm, then Beech, Root & Co.; 1864

Fox - Jones, Quiggin & Co.for Fraser, Trenholm; 1864

Georgia Belle - Jones, Quiggin & Co. 1864

Hope - Jones, Quiggin & Co.for Fraser, Trenholm; 1864

Hornet - Jones, Quiggin & Co.;for Charles K. Prioleau, Fraser, Trenholm; unfinished

Lark - Laird & Co.; ?; John Laird for Fraser, Trenholm; 1864

Lelia - W. C. Miller & Co.; for Crenshaw & Co.; 1865

Let Her Be (Chicora) - W. C. Miller & Sons; for Chicora Exporting Company; 1864

Lucy - Jones, Quiggin & Co.for Fraser, Trenholm; 1863. (Rescued from sandbar by J. A. Duguid)

Luna (Witch) - returned to Liverpool June, 1865

Lynx - Jones, Quiggin & Co.; for Fraser, Trenholm; 1864

Night Hawk - McAndrew, Preston; Anglo-Confederate Trading Co.; 1864

Owl - Jones, Quiggin & Co. for Fraser, Trenholm then CSA; 1864

Penguin - Laird & Sons; Fraser, Trenholm; unfinished

Phantom - W. C. Miller & Sons; for Fraser, Trenholm then CSA; 1863

Plover - Jones, Quiggin & Co.; unfinished

Prince Albert (Mary I) (Mary Virginia) - Laird & Sons for Fraser, Trenholm; 1864

Raccoon - Fraser, Trenholm; 1863

Ray - W. C. Miller & Sons for Fraser, Trenholm; unfinished

Rosine - Jones, Quiggin & Co. unfinished

Ruby III - Jones, Quiggin & Co. unfinished

Snipe - Jones, Quiggin & Co. unfinished

Stag - Bowdler, Chaffer & Co., Seacombe, England; for Fraser, Trenholm; 1864

Swan II - Bowdler, Chaffer & Co., Seacombe, England unfinished

Wasp - Jones, Quiggin & Co; unfinished

Widgeon - Jones, Quiggin & Co unfinished

Wild Dayrell - Jones, Quiggin & Co. for Anglo-Confederate Trading Co.; 1863

Wren - Laird & Sons; for Fraser, Trenholm; 1864

ships

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